Artist Jamini Roy Biography - Paintings & Artworks, Life History:10 important things from his life


Yamini Roy is considered a modernist artist of the 20th century. Initially he started with portrait painting.

He was born on 11 April 1887 in Beliatore Bankura District, West Bengal. In 1903, at the age of 16, his father enrolled him in the Government School of Art in Kolkata. Where he started taking art education in English education system. But they had the impression of rural environment on their hearts, so they did not feel in English education. And skipped school. And this is where his inclination towards folk art started. And moved towards rural art forms and folk life.

10 important things from his life:

1- Yamini Roy was influenced by Calighat's pat paintings of Calcutta. Which at that time was considered to be a neglected and marketable art of Bengal. Yamini Roy was also influenced by Kalighat style artists. He also made Kalighat-style deities, animals, birds, and folk life the subject of his art.

The painters of Kalighat are also called Patua artists. And W. G. Archer named the Kalighat painting style as 'Bazaar style'.

2- Yamini Roy used bright colors to be liked in rural rural areas. Red, yellow, blue, black and brown colors are seen in their pictures. Overall, Yamini Roy was a modern painter who made pure Indian folk life the basis of his art.

3- Yamini Roy painted mostly in watercolors and tempera medium. Even though Yamini Roy adopted purely indigenous art, he also made some paintings depicting modernity such as Hand of Santhal, King and Queen, The Vaishnavas, Main Bhola Bhala, etc.

4 - He also did black-drawing. In such line drawings, "three warriors" "horse-cart" are famous. He had produced around 20,000 paintings.

5- Yamini Roy gained immense fame in India. Outside India, his paintings were exhibited in London in 1947 and the ACA of America in 1950. Held in the gallery.

6- Although Yamini Roy did not emulate Western art, the French art critic A.N. Harvey Messiah compared them to the great painter Henry Matias. Yamini Roy's lineup is compared to Picasso's.

7- He also worked in the post of 'Assistant Director' in "Mayo Art College Lahore" between 1929 and 1936. He was also the 'Director' of the City School of Fine Art in Lahore. Yamini Roy reached Delhi after the partition of India. He contributed ideologically to the establishment of an organization called Delhi Shilpi Chakra.

8- He received the Padma Bhushan in 1955 for his significant contribution in the field of art.

9- Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi was highly influenced by Yamini Roy. He himself went to meet Yamini Roy. Gandhiji has called Yamini Roy a "nationalist artist".

10- His famous painting "Mother and Baby" which is made in oil medium, is safe in the National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi.

famous painting:

Poojarine, Dholakist, Santhal women, Sita's ordeal, Tagore and Bapu, Rathayatra, etc.


He died on 24 April 1972 in Kolkata.

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